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Taureg Warriors Africa Ancient History Homework Help

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A man from the peasant caste of the Tuareg near Tahoua, Niger. Melghas, children hide themselves and another tries to find and touch them before they reach the well and drink.

The Tuareg do not refer to. The position of amghar is hereditary through a matrilineal principle, it is usual for the son of a sister of the incumbent chieftain to succeed to his position. Tuareg broadswords were no match for the more advanced weapons of French troops. Millet is boiled with water to make a pap and eaten with milk or a heavy sauce. During the 9th and 10th centuries, Berbers and Arabs built upon these pre-existing trade routes and quickly developed trans-Saharan and sub-Saharan transport networks.

Other distinctive aspects of Tuareg culture include clothing, food, language, religion, arts, astronomy, nomadic architecture, traditional weapons, music, films, games, and economic activities. Chapter 10 African Societies and Kingdoms ca. While living quarters are progressively changing to adapt to a more sedentary lifestyle, Tuareg groups are well known for their nomadic architecture tents. The clear desert skies allowed the Tuareg to be keen observers. In southern Morocco and Algeria, the French met some of the strongest resistance from the Ahaggar Tuareg.

It is made by pounding millet, goat cheese, dates, milk and sugar and is served on festivals. Traditionally, Tuareg society is hierarchical, with nobility and vassals. For example, Kel Dinnig those of the east , Kel Ataram those of the west. The history of ancient Mali gives us some hints. Its history begins with early Tuareg settlement,.

Scroll down for video. The women of the Tuareg are respected members of society, who own the homes and the animals. These two children were pictured in December Tuareg children traditionally stay with their mothers after a divorce. Much of the tribe, said to descend from one queen called Tin Hinan who lived in the fourth century, has now converted to Islam. The Tuareg have travelled across the Sahara for more than 1, years, the camels leading the way to fresh pastures.

A Tuareg man in a traditional indigo veil, which is likely to leave his face with a blue mark across his skin. What is even more surprising is that even though the tribe has embraced Islam they have firmly held onto some of the customs that would not be acceptable to the wider Muslim world. It is the men, and not the women, who cover their faces, for example.

Photographer Henrietta Butler, who has been fascinated by the Tuareg since she first followed them through the desert in , once asked why this was. The explanation was simple. We would like to see their faces. But this is certainly not the only place the Tuareg, related to the Berbers of North Africa, differ from the Muslim world of the Middle East, and even other parts of their own continent.

The Tuareg women, seen here arriving at the Tuareg Political Party speech in , may not obviously be part of political life, but their opinion is highly valued by the men, who will likely discuss issues with their mother or wife.

A nomadic Tuareg woman in front of her tent, with younger children sit inside. The mother's tent is the heart of the family. Before young Tuareg women marry, they are allowed to take as many different lovers as they want - as long as they abide by the strict rules of privacy which govern their society. This means the man must only arrive at her tent after dark, and leave before sunrise.

A Tuareg woman's decorated hands. It means Tuareg women marry later than other women in the area, although that still does not mean they have to give up their freedoms. They own the tents and the animals. A family at a well south of Agadez. The men begin to cover their faces at puberty, and will keep them covered in front of their elders and most women. The exception is their wives or girlfriends. Before a woman marries, she is free to take as many lovers as she wants.

The indigo veils the Tuareg men wrap so carefully around the heads have caught the imaginations of storytellers, filmmakers and travellers ever since they first came into contact with Westerners in the early s. But why they wear the veils - which can cost hundreds, and are a source of great pride - is not known. Some say it is a practical decision, to keep the dust away.

Others suggest it is to protect from the bad spirits - although whether it is bad spirits escaping the mouths of the person, or those escaping the mouths of others, is unclear. It is one of the many mysteries of the Tuareg, says Butler of the tribe she has been captivated by ever since her first trip. For years, the men of the Tuareg have been able to ride to a young woman's tent, and sneak into the side entrance - while his well-trained camel stands quietly and waits.

There, they will spend the night together - while the family, who all live in the tent, politely pretend not to notice. Should the woman choose to welcome a different man into her tent the next day, so be it. However, there is also a code of practice which none would dare break.

Privacy is all important for this centuries old tribe of nomads, who once crossed the desert bringing dates, salt and saffron south, and slaves and gold north.

The idea of breaking the rules of courtship would be mortifying; as a result, the man is always gone before sunrise. Everything is done with utmost discretion and respect,' said Butler. The relaxed customs around sexual partners has resulted in the girls getting married later than they may otherwise do, with the age of 20 not being uncommon. Although, before then, they will have been wooed with poetry written by the men, who spend hours carefully crafting the words which they hope will win their beloved over.

But it is not a one-way street: Unlike in so many other cultures, women lose none of their power once they marry either. Every night, the families come together at the tents. The men are traditionally part of the women's group - not the other way round. It means the mother's tent is the heart of the community - although they do not eat together, and do much separately.

It is the men who cover up their faces, while the women are happy to show off their faces - although they often cover their hair. The Tuareg travel across countries, but it has become harder since the colonialists carved Africa up. As a result, the Tuareg have been arguing for secession in Niger and Mali, which has often descended into violent conflict.

Tuareg women pictured in Niger. The Tuareg are divided into castes, with the nobles at the top and peasants at the bottom. A Tuareg woman at a music festival in Young couples write beautiful poetry to each other. The camels are of vital importance in the Sahara, and are often the only thing a man is left with when he gets divorced. Women keep the tent and all the possessions when they split, including the domestic animals which the tribe relies on to survive.

Any visitor who goes to a camp would be vastly underestimating the power of the women in the tent if they believe their sole duty is to make the food and look after children. In fact, she owns the home and the animals. And the animals are an invaluable resource to the Tuareg in the middle of the Sahara.

We drink their milk, we eat their meat, we use their skin, we trade them. When the animals die, the Tuareg dies. Many marriages end in divorce among the Tuareg. And when it happens, it is the wife who keeps both the animals and the tent. The Tuareg's many small groups are joined together by the same family tree - and at the top of that tree is the person who bought them all together.

And it should probably come as no surprise for a tribe which views women in such regard, that person was a queen. Tin Hinan is said to have travelled south from modern day Morocco to what would one day become Algeria in the fourth century, where she became the first queen of the Tuaregs. It is from Tin Hinan - whose name translates as 'she of the tents' - that every noble family is said to descend. Takamet, her handmaiden who travelled by her side, is believed to be the ancestor of the peasant caste.

It is unlikely there will be any quibbling over who gets what. Pre-nuptial agreements are the norm. In practice, this often means a man is forced to return home to his mother, possibly with just his camel and nothing else. His wife, meanwhile, will keep possession of everything she brought to the marriage and that includes the children.

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10 Famous African Warriors That Shaped The Continent’s History Hatshepsut was one of the greatest rulers of Ancient yet he made this list as one of the most famous African warriors that. The Tuareg are a nomadic group of people in North and West Africa. Nomadic people (nomads) travel from place to place. In the late s there were about , Tuareg live in such countries as Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, Niger, and Mali. They speak Berber languages like Tamahak, Tamajak, or .