The Ninth Amendment states that the enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people. This means that rights not defined by the Constitution are not excluded. The Tenth Amendment states that the powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.
The federal government wrongfully has domain over the legality of drugs, which should be a state power. Economic Costs and Impacts of Continued Prohibition One of the biggest downfalls of cannabis prohibition is the negative impacts on our economy.
There has been a huge increase in drug related arrests, mostly marijuana related, since the start of this war, so in that sense it has been a success. In the period of the amount of marijuana trafficking arrests actually declined as a proportion of all drug arrests.
If they want to fight the availability of the drug, then they must focus their attention on the growers and traffickers, not the users. The evidence clearly shows that they are not doing it in that manner. In fact, as King and Mauer have found, there has actually been a slight increase in the use of illicit drugs from 5. In , only 1 of every 18 marijuana arrests resulted in felony sentence This means that funds and enforcement are being used towards arresting a high amount of low level offenders.
These resources could be used much more efficiently in enforcing other, more serious laws. To reduce the amount of wasted resources, it should be recommended to move marijuana enforcement to the lowest priority level.
This would allow police and enforcement agencies to focus on more serious offenses. To put this number in perspective, it is estimated that at least one in four persons in prison are serving time for a low-level marijuana offense With such a huge population of people in prisons, one must take into account the cost of housing and providing for them. It costs more to send a person to prison for four years than it does to send a person to a private university for four years including tuition, fees, room and board, books, and supplies.
If that many people were being sent to universities instead of prisons, productivity in America would drastically increase. A huge influx of marijuana arrests clog up the courts, not allowing for speedy trials. This unlucky few also are not able to contribute to society anymore because they are in prison. In our current position, with the possibility of another economic depression on the level of the one in , new sources of revenue are vital.
These numbers seem astonishing, and they are, but the possibility is there. The current pressure on our economy could easily be relieved. If marijuana was made legal the cost would drastically decline, as was seen when alcohol prohibition ended.
Rising unemployment is also a spreading scourge in our society. Marijuana legalization could help relieve that problem also. If this industry was made public and legal, it could provide thousands of jobs for individuals who have lost their jobs because of our declining economy. The potential economic assets that could be reaped from this industry are lucrative. Another major mistake and obstruction of freedom that our government advocates is the criminalization of the cultivation of nonpsychoactive varieties of the hemp plant.
It contains the longest fiber in the plant kingdom and one of the strongest and most durable, it can be used for insulation, cloth, clothing, and rope. The fiber and pulp can be used to manufacture nondeteriorating paper using a relatively pollution free process.
After pressing the seed, the remaining mass becomes high protein animal feed. The list of applications goes on and on So what must be done? Some call for depenalization and others for outright legalization. Luckily we have a few examples throughout the world where marijuana has been viewed as socially acceptable and beneficial.
The first, obvious example is that in the Netherlands and the second is in Alaska. The Netherlands Model In , after multiple changes in policy, Dutch politicians gave marijuana another chance.
Why was it reconsidered though? Also stated earlier, use of cannabis increased in many Western nations, not just the Netherlands. Thus it is safe to say that the depenalization was not a cause for increased cannabis use in the Netherlands. But there was an increased prevalence, so what can it be attributed to? This can be explained through the commercialization of the product Thus if marijuana was legalized here in America we could expect to see an increase in use and prevalence because of commercialization.
But as regulation of tobacco and alcohol has shown in America, it can be done with marijuana. The Alaska Model When the Framers wrote the Constitution, federalism and the separation of powers stand out as two ingenious concepts and aspects of our government.
Home production is a major factor in the Alaskan system. But not all users are as devoted as the one who grows. Cannabis Depenalization Cannabis depenalization calls for the elimination of criminal penalties for the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
People would be able to distinguish between the harms of hard drugs and the relative safeness of cannabis. One main difference between American policy and the policy of certain western nations is the way they define chronic drug use.
This allows for their respective governments to take a different approach when dealing with addicts. Instead of being sent to prison, they are treated and rehabilitated. This redefinition of chronic drug use could result in a reduction of the costs of enforcement, as would the depenalization of cannabis would do. Because cannabis would be easier to distinguish from hard drugs, the government would gain more legitimacy and credibility when trying to control other illicit drugs.
In relation to alcohol abuse, marijuana may act as a substitute for alcohol. This suggests that the two substances act as substitutes to one another, not complements. This would hypothetically result in the reduction of alcohol related accidents and deaths.
Although the government would not have to worry much about regulation under a system of depenalization, maybe similar to that of the Alaskan model, there would still be no way of obtaining the product legally. Thus depenalization is not the best choice for America.
Cannabis Legalization To get the best of both a depenalized system and a commercialized system, full legalization of cannabis would be required. MacCoun and Reuter claim that regulation would be difficult with American mass commercialization, but this is wrong With the determination and work ethic that this nation was founded upon, Americans can succeed in anything.
Different from the Netherlands Model, regulation here would not have to be as stringent. As Walmarts and other grocery stores have isles specifically designated for alcohol, through enforcement of certain guidelines, it could be envisioned that some day marijuana would have its own isle. Bibliography Abel, Ernest L. The First Twelve Thousand Years.
King, and Marc Mauer. The Transformation of the War on Drugs in the s. The Sentencing Project, Kubby, and Ed Rosenthal. Why Marijuana Should Be Legal. MacCoun, and Peter Reuter. Because it is a controversial and recent topic, it is also easy if well written, to attract a very high score. Teachers and tutors reading a medical marijuana research paper will not have seen a great many of them.
Finding something new to say on the topic or finding a new angle to approach the topic from could be a great idea. The first point to understand is that certainly in the United States of America, medical marijuana is relatively unknown.
Everyone has heard of marijuana and millions of people use it even on a daily basis. There is a special name for medical marijuana and that is cannabis sativa. So your marijuana research paper could certainly develop the point that in some parts of the Western world medical marijuana is relatively new in some countries.
If you are looking at the use of medical marijuana in countries around the world, you will find that it has been in use for the purposes of helping a person's health for hundreds of years. It is important to understand that there is a significant difference between the use of marijuana for recreational use and the use of medical marijuana which is designed to assist medical treatment.
Studies show that millions of Americans use medical marijuana. Multiple lab studies in human cells have also shown the potential for them to slow other kinds of cancers, such as breast cancer and leukemia ; no studies in people have taken place. More than 45 studies have looked at marijuana and pain related to chronic diseases such as cancer , diabetes , fibromyalgia , multiple sclerosis , HIV, rheumatoid arthritis , and spinal injuries.
The studies have included smoked marijuana, along with herbal and man-made forms. The majority of the studies showed an improvement in pain relief in comparison to a placebo or to other traditional pain medications. About a quarter of the studies showed no improvement. Personal stories and animal studies have shown that cannabidiol, one of the chemicals in cannabis, may help seizures in children with epilepsy. New York University just announced it will do a study of children with epilepsy and marijuana.
Some of the results included a reduction in bowel inflammation and reduced acid reflux. Further, some patients were able to retain more nutrients in their bodies, and the disease went into remission.
More than 24 studies have looked at smoked marijuana, cannabinoids, and MS. Sativex is approved to treat MS in 24 countries, but not in the U. Two clinical trials showed that THC and cannabidiol could help with psychotic and other symptoms.
The National Institutes of Health is funding a small clinical trial that also aims to show whether THC and cannabidiol can ease symptoms. Pain Management Feature Stories.
Continued Also, most of the studies had fewer than patients. Both drugs are used to treat nausea and lack of appetite related to chemotherapy and in AIDS patients.
Medical Cannabis Research Papers The latest in cannabis research: Dive deeper into the medical research on marijuana conducted by doctors and researchers and published in scientific journals. Cannabis as a Substitute for Prescription Drugs.
- Medical marijuana is one of the most controversial subjects in politics. Marijuana may be an addictive drug, but it has many medical uses. Many patients found it very effective, which trumped any other drug, whether by prescription or over-the-counter.
It is based on reporting; research provided by NORML, the marijuana legalization advocacy group; and data found in PubMed, the National Institutes of Health’s RePORTER, and a database maintained by the International Association for Cannabinoid Medicines, a medical marijuana research organization based in Cologne, Germany. There is a special name for medical marijuana and that is cannabis sativa. So your marijuana research paper could certainly develop the point that in some parts of the Western world medical marijuana is relatively new in some countries.
• A Study Published in American Association for Cancer Research, conducted by Sean D. McAllister, Rigel T. Christian, Maxx P. Horowitz, Amaia Garcia and Pierre-Yves Desprez, The California Breast Cancer Research Program, The Research Institute at California Pacific Medical Center, American Association for Cancer Research. The study shows . Research has also recommended that cannabis’s medicinal qualities may defend the body against some kinds of deadly tumors and are neuroprotective (they protect the nervous system). Currently, many health organizations in the world support giving patients instantaneous legal access to medical cannabis under a doctor's supervision.